In recent years, cannabidiol as a promising component of the hemp plant has increasingly moved into the focus of science and research.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, short CBD, is a cannabinoid and therefore one of the numerous ingredients of the hemp plant. In recent years, CBD’s diverse properties have increasingly become the focus of public interest and make it an active ingredient with great potential.
Endogenous cannabinoids are produced by the body itself. The best known is anandamide, which was discovered in 1992 by the American pharmacologist William Anthony Devane and the Czech chemist Lumír Ondřej Hanuš in the central nervous system of vertebrates. Like THC, anandamide binds mainly to the CB1 receptor, where it can even completely displace it in high doses. Its effect is similar to that of THC, but it is much weaker and passes more quickly.
In addition to endocannabinoids, there are also exogenous cannabinoids which the human body cannot produce itself and which occur in plants, in particular the hemp plant. The best known exogenous cannabinoids include psychoactive THC and non-psychoactive CBD.
THC vs. CBD
Besides CBD, tetrahydrocannabinol is probably the best known exogenous cannabinoid and is mainly known for its psychoactive and intoxicating effects. The THC produced in hemp is not psychoactive due to its concentration of less than 0.3%.